The Hero’s Journey in “The Mosquito Coast”

“The Mosquito Coast” is about a man who is zealous in the pursuit of his obsessions long, long after they have ceased to interest anyone else.

The man’s name is Allie Fox, and he is convinced that American civilization is coming apart at the seams. Acting on his fears, Fox packs up his wife and children and moves them into the rain forests of Central America, where he plans to establish a new civilization. This man is not without intelligence. He has invented, for example, a new kind of machine for making ice, and nobody can say he is not handy with his hands. But he shares the common fault of many utopians: He wants to create a society in which men will be free – but free only in the way he thinks they should be free.

Fox is played in “The Mosquito Coast” by Harrison Ford, and it is one of the ironies of the movie that he does very good work. Ford gives us a character who has tunnel vision, who is uncaring toward his family or anyone else, who is totally lacking in a sense of humor, who is egocentric to the point of madness. It is a brilliant performance – so effective, indeed, that we can hardly stand to spend two hours in the company of this consummate jerk.

Allie Fox’s madness is an unending complaint against the way things are. It is painful to watch him not because he is mad, but because he is boring – one of those nuts who will talk all night long without even checking to see if you’re listening.

The movie is based on a novel by Paul Theroux, in which the narrator is Fox’s teenage son, Charlie. Through Charlie’s eyes, we gradually see the father turning from an idealist into an obsessive, and we also see Charlie becoming a man in the process of dealing with that change. In the movie, Charlie (River Phoenix) is still the narrator, but what he tells us on the soundtrack isn’t reinforced by what we see on the screen. Charlie recedes into the family and becomes just one more hapless victim to be dragged through the jungle by his father.

Another mysterious character in the movie is Mother (Helen Mirren), the wife, who stands by mutely and uncomplainingly while Fox subjects her family to dangerous and pointless experiences. What does she feel? What does she really think? Apart from one welcome outburst, we never know. Mirren has said that the character was opposite to everything in her own nature, and that she played Mother by trying to become completely passive. Well, that’s probably the only strategy that would have worked, but it leaves enormous questions about Mother’s thoughts and fears – questions this movie is not prepared to answer.

“The Mosquito Coast” was directed by Peter Weir an Australian who has made great films about the silences and mysteries of nature. Throughout his career, Weir has been able to capture the majesty of nature, and the production values in “The Mosquito Coast” are impressive, especially in a scene where a typhoon threatens to sweep away Ford’s fragile settlement on a threatened beach.

The movie has been directed and acted so well, in fact, that almost all my questions have to do with the script: Why was the hero made so uncompromisingly hateful? The screenplay is by Paul Schrader, whose own screenplays (“Taxi Driver”) often are about men obsessed with their own narrow range of vision. But Schrader’s characters always have some measure of humanity that is lacking here.